A new study by scientists has challenged the belief that electric trucks cannot compete with heavy diesel-powered trucks.
Until now, it was thought that the batteries needed to power these trucks over long distances could be costly.
However, researchers have shown that installing fast charging stations on the roads instead of putting large batteries in trucks will make electric trucks superior to diesel.
Recently, the popularity of electric vehicles in the world is growing.
Electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles accounted for 14 percent of car sales in the UK in March.
In Western Europe, one of the regions with the highest number of electric vehicles per capita, in 2020, 700,000 electric vehicles were sold.
But the situation is different in freight transport.
This is also an important issue for climate change. It is estimated that 7 percent of global carbon emissions are emitted by trucks.
Although Tesla and other manufacturers are trying to enter the sector in small steps, many experts believe that these vehicles will not be able to compete with diesel cars in terms of cost.
According to this view, the cost of additional batteries that will be added for a longer period of time is not materially profitable.
However, a new study by the Stockholm Institute of the Environment (SEI) shows that the issue is viewed from the wrong angle.
SEI researchers say that general and fast charging stations will prefer electric trucks over diesels instead of larger batteries.
“When we look at the averages, we’ve come to the point where it makes sense,” says Björn Nykvist, a member of a research group published in the journal Joule.
“The size of the battery in the truck is not so important. It just needs to be fast enough for the charger.
“The main thing here is that heavy vehicles consume more energy. The more energy a vehicle consumes, the more economical it is to be an electric vehicle in the same place. For example, a heavy truck consumes more diesel than a light truck.” , but that’s why it’s an electric vehicle. It’s more profitable to be a vehicle. “
In their model, the researchers thought that a truck would fill up in 40 minutes after traveling 4.5 hours.
Because most trucks travel most of their time on highways, ports, and terminals, the speed charging stations needed will be significantly less than the charging stations needed by cars in larger areas.
The only problem here is that such charging station technology does not yet exist. However, researchers believe that the technology will reach this point soon.
Experts recommend that governments concerned about climate change encourage this.
Dr. “It would be a good starting point for the government to support people who want to buy these cars,” says Heikki Liimatainen.
“But if a subsidy is to be given, I think it should be given to the construction of high-speed charging station networks on highways.”
Major truck manufacturers also say the transition to electric trucks will depend on fast charging stations on important routes.
Lars Martensson, Volvo Trucks’ Director of Environment and Innovation, said: “The potential for carbon off-road traffic is huge.”
“However, fast charging station infrastructure is essential for this, and governments should encourage the installation of these stations, especially at critical points in warehouses and logistics centers.”
While there are those who oppose the use of electric trucks, there are those who say that hydrogen-powered trucks can be used to transport the heaviest loads.
Dr. “The most important thing here is the price of a hydrogen fuel cell. These prices are on a downward trend, but they are not falling as fast as battery prices.