“Despite this rapid growth in the public sector, public administration appears to be paralyzed,” the report said, noting that despite rising unemployment in the country, public employment has increased and the number of civil servants has approached nearly five million since June 2020.
The reasons for this are the instructions given by the AKP government, which was responsible for the July 15, 2016 coup attempt, to members of the Gulen organization or to the Gulen organization, and instead to those who were given with dignity.
The report, which included the abolition of the prime minister’s office and instructions given at the Presidential Palace, which has more than a thousand offices, described another important problem in the state bureaucracy:
“Decisions on new appointments are largely made not on the basis of quality and dignity, but on the basis of external factors not related to the task to be performed, such as membership in a religious union or political party, Erdogan and his closeness to him. Family.”
“The border between the party and the public is evaporating”
The report notes that in the early years of the AKP’s rule, the police, the judiciary, intelligence and the military paved the way for Gulen’s supporters, but the group was disbanded after the coup attempt. , recently mentioned as “members of an ultra-conservative religious sect” or similar names.
The report said that the characteristics of these new cadres, who were able to obey the rules and be impartial, were not enough, adding that the boundaries between a civil servant and a party member were being blurred. politicization of public bureaucracy.
In the weakening and paralysis of state institutions, the Statistical Office of the Central Bank of Turkey noted that samples were transferred to Turkey from the asset fund owned by the President’s family, where “friendly-sergeant relations” prevailed.
The growing and changing role of MIT
Turkey’s only executive branch of government under the new system, thus emphasizing “mass” investigations into the president’s collection of institutions, the National Intelligence Organization’s (NIO) operational authority and impunity have also gained weight in recent years.
“The central role of the MIT today is not limited to the fight against terrorism and the surveillance of bureaucracy. It seems that President Erdogan is also using the MIT to control his party,” he said.
“Erdogan’s maneuver area narrowed”
With the new system of government, President Erdogan’s observation of “almost unlimited and uncontrolled” power over the institutions is surprisingly said to mean that “the president’s political maneuvering has become narrower than the parliamentary system.”
“The new system has failed to achieve its so-called goals,” the report said, adding that at the point reached today, Erdogan was “fighting to maintain power.”
“Neither economic perspectives nor social forecasts are promising,” the study said, adding that “despite the extraordinary pressure exerted on secular sections of society, attempts to convert the entire population into a devout Muslim nation have failed.”
According to the study, although voter support for the AKP has declined recently, Erdogan’s dependence on the MHP to stay in power is growing. It was noted that Erdogan also lost his supporters in the Islamist segment.
Noble and Akara are noted
“The AKP has become a wheel that acts as Erdogan’s election machine,” the report said party members could no longer express criticism and the decisions were taken by a small group around Erdogan, “the party has lost its function as a tool of Erdogan’s election and political participation.
While the popularity of Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu and Defense Minister Hulusi Akar is growing, Erdogan is not openly confronted within the party, but the struggle to increase his prestige between the clicks can be observed in the party. recently.
The growing power of the MHP
The MHP’s changing role in Turkish politics and its growing weight in government institutions are also included in the study, and the reasons for Bahceli’s support for Erdogan in the past after the coup attempt are listed.
He noted that Bahçeli’s support for the presidential term after the coup attempt, which was described as a “coup”, had a greater political sphere of influence than the MHP’s representation in parliament. “Determination was introduced. During this period, in addition to MHP members, anti-Western nationalists and people close to sects filled the vacancies in the bureaucracy.
“As the MHP became an increasingly determined political force, Erdogan and his party found themselves in a defensive position years later,” he said, referring to MHP cadres in the security services. and are in a position to identify together. “
Can democracy be corrected?
The SWP described the destruction of democracy and the new system in Turkey as a result of bureaucracy, and explored attempts by opposition parties to build alternatives to protests.
In Turkey, although the party has split the opposition, the charm of these parties is that the presidential system has become one of the key elements of the report, but it will ensure its restoration, he said.
“The institutional damage created by the presidential system and the uncertain outlook of the opposition require caution on an easy and rapid change for the better,” the study concluded.
What should EU and European governments do?
The presidential system, which is described as a “turning point” in the last part of the report on Turkey, is objective about the impact of EU-Turkey relations.
“It is difficult to imagine that the Turkish government will take steps to return to democracy and the rule of law in the coming years,” the section said, predicting that the government will continue its conscious polarization strategy, foreign threats and anti-Western policies. the rhetoric will continue.
The report noted that the opposition was facing serious difficulties and that it would be difficult to restore democracy.
We also said, “It cannot force Turkey to reform the EU. It is thought to be a favorable climate for democratization and the political movements that support it. Both seemed very weak at the moment.”
Economic stability is also very important for the EU
The EU and its member states have many alternatives to co-operation in the areas of common economic and security interests with Turkey, which are many in the report, stressing Turkey’s interest in economic stabilization in Europe.
The SWP report noted that economic ties should be maintained in the medium and long term, and that the Customs Union could be an effective tool in this regard.
It is also suggested that the EU continue to support civil society actors who support the rule of law and democracy.
“Of course, the EU can force Turkey to take steps for democratic reform,” the report said, noting that Ankara has recently faced economic challenges with Europe, reiterating the EU’s commitment to Turkey, democracy and human rights. It is emphasized that it should be on the agenda.
SWP is one of the most influential think tanks
Founded in 1962, the SWP is one of Germany’s most influential think tanks and has launched a number of studies on Turkey in recent years.
The SWP, one of Europe’s largest think tanks with 200 employees, advises the German government and the Bundestag, as well as contributing to important international organizations for Germany, such as the EU, NATO and the UN. The Turkish Center for Applied Research (CATS) also operates within the SWP. The SWP is funded from public sources.