Tensions between Ukraine and Russia have been high on the world agenda in recent weeks. Tensions could have major consequences, which could turn into a hot confrontation for the entire capital region and potentially Turkey.
Here’s what you need to know about the tension between the two countries …
Live the Soviet dream?
Since the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in late 1991, Russia has pursued various policies to maintain its influence on the former Soviet geography and to restore it to where it lost its influence. Vladimir PutinIt has been observed that these initiatives have become more concentrated during the Turkish Prime Minister and presidency. An example of such Putin-era efforts is the war in South Ossetia. Under Putin, Russia supported separatists in Georgia and recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia at the end of the war. The pre-Putin war in Chechnya can be seen as an example of Moscow’s efforts to maintain its influence in the Soviet Union. The biggest and most sensational initiative of the Putin era was the intervention in Ukraine.
There is no doubt that Putin is pursuing an expansionist policy in the former Soviet Union. For this reason, it is possible to see that the Western media has given Putin the title of “new tsar.”
Annexation of Crimea
Relations between Russia and Ukraine In 2014, the pro-Russian President of Ukraine Viktor YanukovychFollowing the rejection of the “Union and Free Trade Agreement” with the European Union, he was removed from office as a result of the “Revolution of Honor” and his government collapsed. The Revolution of Honor became more pro-Western.
On the night of February 22-23, Putin held a long meeting with the defense staff. The meeting discussed how to bring the overthrown Yanukovych to Russia. According to many sources, Putin ordered the annexation of Crimea, Ukraine, at the end of the meeting, in accordance with international agreements. Pro-Russian protests began on February 23 in Sevastopol.
On February 27, unarmed and masked Russian soldiers, wearing uniforms without coats of arms, seized the Crimean legislature, the Supreme Soviet. Masked soldiers then took control of other important points, such as the airport. In a controversial referendum on March 18, 2014, Moscow annexed Crimea as two separate federal entities. With the exception of a few countries, such as Belarus and Nicaragua, no capital has recognized Crimea as Russia.
The “little green men” wearing masks and uniforms were assigned to Russia’s annexation of Crimea
What happened in Ukraine in 2014?
After the overthrow of the pro-Western Yanukovych and the annexation of Crimea, pro-Russian separatists gained control of most of the Donbas and Luhansk regions in eastern Ukraine.
There were clashes between the Ukrainian army and Russian separatists. Kiev claims that Moscow supports the separatists. Russia’s use of special force and propaganda in eastern Ukraine during this period has been described as a “hybrid war.”
The majority of the population in the Donbas is Russian-speaking. Most of these individuals have been issued Russian passports since 2014. That is why the phrase “We will protect our citizens in the Donbas” used by Russia is gaining importance.
Clashes with the ceasefire signed in 2015 have mostly stopped. More than 13,000 people died in the war. Areas seized by separatists in 2014 are still under the control of these militia groups.
What happens now?
Russia has been gathering troops on the Ukrainian border in recent weeks. This is the largest collection since 2014.
Russia’s collapse has worried Ukraine and its Western allies. Statements came from some capitals on the subject.
Meanwhile, the clashes in the Donbas intensified. Ukraine says separatists in the Donbas have killed 26 soldiers by April 13, 2021. This figure was 50 in all of 2020.
The US has also announced that two warships will be sent to Turkey by the Black Sea last week as required by the Montreux Convention. Warships are expected to cross the Bosphorus and reach the Black Sea this week. Warships take the initiative as long as there is no agreement to bring a suitable basis to Turkey.
Russia has not welcomed the US decision to send warships to the Black Sea following statements of support for Ukraine. Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Sergey Ryabkov He described the US move as “provocative” and said Washington was playing with Russia’s nerves. “We warn the United States that it would be better to stay away from Crimea and our Black Sea coast. For their sake,” Ryabkov said.
Ukrainian leader Zelensky traveled to the conflict zone in military uniform last week
What about NATO?
Ukraine wants to be a member of NATO, not a member. He made this clear at a time when relations with Russia were strained. President of Ukraine Volodomyr ZelenskiNATO Secretary General Jens stoltenberg After meeting with him, he said his country’s progress towards NATO membership was the only way to end the war in the east of the country. Kremlin spokesman Dimitri Peskov In response, he said that “Ukraine’s membership in NATO worsens the situation in the Donbas.”
Speaking after a telephone conversation with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Zelensky called on NATO members to be a “deterrent” to their military presence in the Black Sea against Russia. “The Allies will decide Ukraine’s membership in NATO, not Russia,” Stoltenberg said.
On April 13, NATO called on Russia to withdraw its troops from Ukraine. Russia’s Defense Ministry says NATO is using threatening rhetoric.
There have been many examples of Russia’s opposition to NATO membership in the former Soviet Union, and even in countries east of the Iron Curtain. Ukraine’s membership in NATO means that Russia is on the border with a NATO country. In this situation, we must not forget that NATO was founded against the first Soviet Union and opposed the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War. The United States is NATO’s military mindset and major economic engine. It is no secret that NATO still sees Russia as its biggest threat.
Ukrainian soldiers shoot at Marinka in the Donetsk region
What does Russia say?
Russia says it has made no attempt to invade Ukraine, but is committed to protecting its citizens in the east. This rhetoric is even more important, given that Russia has issued passports to many people of Russian descent in the Donbas region.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said in a statement that Russia was protecting its borders and that troops would remain there as long as Moscow deemed it necessary. Peskov also said that his goal was not to go to war with Ukraine.
A senior official in the Russian president’s office Dimitri KozakHe said the outbreak of major clashes in eastern Ukraine could be the beginning of the end for the former Soviet Union.
It was announced that Ukrainian President Zelensky wanted to meet with Putin for some time, but it was not accepted.
Where is Turkey?
There are many defense industry agreements between Ukraine and Turkey. Ukraine uses Turkish-made SIHAs.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky held a joint press conference after a one-on-one and inter-delegation meeting in Ankara last week. Stressing the territorial integrity of Ukraine, Erdogan said, “We believe that the current crisis must be resolved peacefully and diplomatically on the basis of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and international law.”
Erdogan also stressed that they will not recognize Crimea as Russian territory. Journalist Fehim TastekinGazeta Duvar’s article “What’s the matter” made the following assessment:
Erdogan is Kiev’s spokesman, leaving behind most of the transatlantic wing’s hawks in the re-administration of Crimea and Ukraine’s Donbas. In addition, plans to move the Karabakh scenario to the Donbas and Crimea are being discussed with the inclusion of the Bayraktar TB2 in the Ukrainian list. What hope! ”
After the meeting, it was announced that TOKI will build 500 residences for Tatars displaced in Crimea in various cities of Ukraine.
Russian Minister of Defense Sergey LavrovLike Turkey, he said, “responsible” countries should not encourage militaristic tendencies in Ukraine.
At the same time, Russia imposed an airline restriction on Turkey between April 15 and June 1. The Kremlin also claims that Zelens’ political motives are behind the decision and the meeting with Erdogan, many experts behind the decision, which took place under the Coronavirus events in Turkey. Author of T24 and Russian specialist Hakan AksayHe said the restrictions were political pressure on Russia and Turkey.
So why now?
Analysts speaking to the BBC Pavel Felgengauer and James SherrThe Ukrainian oligarch, Zelensky, was a good friend of Putin in February Victor MedvedcukImposed sanctions on Turkey, shut down three pro-Russian television channels, and failed to fulfill its obligations under the 2015 Minsk Agreement; He noted that there was no independent election for the separatist regions. Analysts say these developments have increased tensions between the two countries.
At the same time, parliamentary elections will be held in Russia, which is known to be influential in the country’s foreign policy. Hakan Aksay said that Putin was trying to create the expression “foreign forces” while losing power in domestic politics.