The United States officially returned today to the Paris Agreement, a major step in the fight against the global climate crisis.
According to The Guardian, the Paris Agreement, which was part of the Framework Convention on Climate Change that the United States abandoned under Donald Trump, was officially revoked 107 days later.
Joe Biden signed a decree to return to the Paris Climate Agreement on the first day of his presidency. Today, a step back has become official.
The Donald Trump administration announced its withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement in 2019, but the official separation took place on November 4, 2020.
Together with China, the United States, which is the world’s largest emitter of carbon, is expected to take concrete steps and contribute to the fight against the climate crisis.
Why is the Paris Climate Agreement important?
The Paris Climate Agreement, approved in 2015 and based on the global fight against the climate crisis, aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 56 billion tons by 2030. With this goal in mind, global warming is expected to remain below 2 degrees by the end of the century. Under the agreement, each country has its own climate goals, which are not legally binding.
The agreement reached at the Climate Summit Conference (COP21) in Paris, France in 2016, was said to be the most comprehensive text ever reached on the environment.
Under the agreement, we will try to keep global temperatures between 1.5 and 2 degrees by reducing the use of fossil fuels and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The text expects national greenhouse gas emission reduction plans to be reviewed every five years, with developing countries allocating at least $ 100 billion annually to the fight.
The agreement also includes articles on preparing for the negative effects of climate change and supporting environmentally friendly and sustainable economies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. If global warming does not slow down, drought, desertification, extinction of plant and animal species and rising sea levels are expected. The agreement aims to reduce the use of fossil fuels.