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Why is the deadly Jovid-19 crisis in India threatening the whole world?


As the world struggles with the corona virus pandemic, two different scenarios have emerged. In countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, newly vaccinated people embrace their loved ones after a long separation. In India, poor families count the dead. As the number of new patients in the country reaches a new record every day, patients are sent back from hospitals that run out of beds and oxygen. However, the more widespread the virus, the more likely it is to mutate and, as a result, create variants that can resist existing vaccines, threatening other countries with a pandemic. At the same time, the situation in India, one of the world’s largest producers of vaccines, means that 92 poor countries, including South Africa and Brazil, have not been fully vaccinated for months or even years.

India broke a new record with 379,459 incidents and 3,647 deaths in the last 24 hours. India’s second deadly second wave of Covid-19 devastated major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow and Pune. Hospitals and crematoria will run out of space, and funerals will be held in parks. However, the pandemic has also affected many small towns, towns and villages where the devastation has not been reported to a large extent.
But the devastating epidemic in India poses a threat to the whole world. Dean of the Faculty of Public Health, Brown University, USA Ashish Jha, “I am worried that if we do not help India, there will be an explosion of events in the world. Therefore, the Jovid epidemic in India is a global problem that requires a coordinated response.” He said.
However, while the country’s immediate priority is to save the lives of those already ill, it is important to vaccinate the country’s population to prevent the spread of the virus. However, despite hosting the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer, India does not have enough doses and there is no faster and simpler way to vaccinate more people.
Western countries have been criticized for stockpiling vaccines, but British Health Secretary Matt Hancock has claimed that there are not many vaccines to be sent by Britain. US President Joe Biden has confirmed that he has met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and that the United States plans to send a vaccine to India. Earlier this week, the United States said it would share 60 million doses of AstraZeneca with other countries, but did not say when this would happen or to which countries the vaccines would be sent.
Dr. Anthony Fauci said it was important for coronavirus vaccines to spread sufficiently around the world: “Because we are all in this business. We live in a global world. Especially if you are a rich country and have a lot of resources, we are responsible for other countries.”
However, experts warn that if the Indian epidemic cannot be prevented and spreads to neighboring countries with low vaccine resources and weak health systems, the picture seen in India will increase worldwide. As India plays a leading role in the development of vaccines for other countries, failure to stop the spread of the virus will jeopardize the spread of the vaccine around the world.
The Corona virus was first detected in late 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and has since spread from person to person around the world, becoming a new variant in some countries. In December last year, scientists discovered a new variant known in India as B.1.617, but it is not known whether this caused a local epidemic due to a lack of genomic control.
Anurag Agrawal, director of the Indian Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, confirmed the link between the increasing prevalence of variants and the increase in Indian cases.
Agrawal, “We have seen an increase in the number of cases caused by B.1.617 in Maharashtra. We see an increase in these events in the capital Delhi. These are very important epidemiological links.”
Agrawal, on the other hand, stated that another variant, originally known as B.1.1.7, originally identified in England and Delhi and northern India, was more dominant than B.1.617. Version B.1.1.7 is known to transmit 60 percent more viruses than the original version.
Fauci said the latest data showed that the Covid-19 vaccine produced in India neutralized Covaxin’s B1.617 variant.
However, other variants first discovered by scientists in South Africa and Brazil are thought to be more likely to transmit the original virus, and these mutated viruses have spread to more than a dozen countries. Vaccines from Pfizer / BioNTech, Moderna and Johnson Johnson have had varying degrees of effect on these options. However, since the coronavirus is constantly mutated, there is no guarantee that existing vaccines will protect people from new variants.
The European Council for Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) said: “Every country must fight uncontrolled mass epidemics. Countries like the United Kingdom and the United States are doing a very good job of vaccination and need to feel good about it, but only until vaccines go into circulation.” . “he explained.
As of April 27, about 129 million people in the country had received at least one dose of the vaccine, according to the Indian Ministry of Health. This means that in India, with a population of 1.3 billion, just over 8 percent of the population is vaccinated. Experts blame the government’s indifference to the slow pace of vaccination in India. Epidemiologist Brahmar Mukherjee said the country needed to administer 10 million doses a day to vaccinate all adults in the next five to six months.
On the other hand, along with the risk of new mutations, the second wave of corona virus in India poses another problem for the world. Because the country is one of the key players in COVAX, a global vaccine exchange initiative that provides discounted or free doses to low-income countries. India has promised to supply 92 million 200 doses of COVAX vaccine to the poor. However, the country’s rapidly deteriorating situation has led Delhi to turn its attention away from COVAX in order to give preference to Indian citizens.
The Indian Serum Institute (SII) said it delivered 28 million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine to COVAX in March, but would ship another 90 million doses in March and April. However, he warned that these supplies would be delayed due to growing demand in India. India’s inadequacy of vaccines shows that other countries, such as South Africa and Brazil, have to wait. Thus, the world’s vaccination is delayed for months, perhaps years.
Prior to the coronavirus crisis in the country, India took the position of global leader to end the pandemic. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has vaccinated other countries, including Guyana, Guatemala, the Seychelles and the Maldives, earlier this year as part of the COVAX initiative.
However, the Prime Minister’s generosity did not protect him from the wrath of the people in the country for his alleged role in exacerbating the internal health crisis. Modi, for example, allowed millions of pilgrims to travel to Hajj for weeks in many provinces, and his political party held mass rallies for elections in four provinces.
Modi, on the other hand, has acknowledged the scale of the crisis and is working to accelerate the country’s vaccination program. The Indian Serum Institute (SII) has announced that states will charge less per dose to vaccinate more people.

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